Pam Says:
“Apply ice to your foot or soak in cold water to reduce pain. If you see stars or got nauseous from the injury go get an x-ray. Just because you can move it or can walk on it does not mean it is not broken. Tape the toe to the next one to splint it. Wear a stiff soled shoe so the toe does not bend. ”

Though they are often a frustrating, painful injury, most stubbed toes are not serious. However, in severe cases, an injury that at first seems to be an ordinary stubbed toe may actually be something more serious, like a toe fracture or ligament sprain. Since these problems carry the risk of complications like osteoarthritis, knowing how to recognize (and treat) both types of stubbed toe can be a valuable first-aid skill.

1: Check the condition of the toe immediately after the injury. The first step to treating a stubbed toe is to see how bad the damage is. Carefully and gently remove the shoe and sock on the injured foot. Examine the injured toe, taking care not to injure it further by handling it roughly (a friend can help here). Look for the following signs:

  • A “bent” or “misaligned” appearance
  • Bleeding
  • A broken or misplaced nail
  • Heavy swelling and/or discoloration
  • Depending on which (if any) of the above signs you see, the treatment for your toe can differ. See below for specific suggestions.
  • If it is too painful to remove your shoe and sock, you probably have a fracture or sprain in your toe and/or foot. This is not a dangerous condition, but you should still see a doctor to receive treatment.

2: Clean and disinfect any abrasions or cuts. If you notice any spots on the toe where the skin has been broken, you will want to clean them promptly to avoid infection. This includes cuts, scrapes, abrasions, and breaks in the nail. Carefully wash the toe with soap and warm water. Dry the toe gently with a clean cloth or paper towel, then rub a little anti-bacterial cream onto any breaks in the skin. Protect the toe with a clean bandage.

  • Replace the bandage every day as the toe heals.
  • Clean the Wound

3: Apply ice to reduce swelling. Most stubbed toes will be followed by at least a little painful swelling. This can make the toe awkward, unwieldy, and even more vulnerable to pain. Luckily, it’s easy to reduce the swelling with a cold compress. There are many ways to do this — for instance, you can use a gel ice pack, a bag of ice or even an unopened bag of frozen vegetables.

  • Whatever you use for your cold compress, wrap it in a towel or rag before pressing it into the skin. Apply the ice pack for 15 to 20 minutes at a time, waiting about 10 to 15 minutes before applying it again. Direct, prolonged ice-on-skin contact can further damage the skin, making your injury worse.

4: Avoid putting pressure on the toe. Even mundane, day-to-day activities can be painful when you’re walking on a stubbed toe. To reduce further pain and swelling, try to shift some of your weight to your heel as you walk and stand. This can be a difficult balance to strike, as putting all of your weight on your heel can make walking awkward and cause soreness over time. Try to take just enough pressure off of your toe to avoid pain when walking.

  • Once the swelling has subsided in your injured toe, light cushioning (for instance, a gel insole) can help minimize pain from walking.
  • If the pain in your toe doesn’t subside after an hour or two, you may want to take a break from physical activities like sports, etc. for a few days until you no longer feel pain.

5: Make sure your shoe has enough space for the toe. Tight shoes can make a painful, swollen toe even more irritated. If you can, wear a loose, comfortable pair of shoes after your injury to protect the toe from more pressure. If you don’t have a replacement pair of shoes available, you can try loosening the laces.

  • Open-toed shoes like sandals and flip-flops can be the best choices of all — not only do they put no pressure on the top and sides of the toe, but they also allow easy access for cold compresses, bandage changes, and so on.

6: Treat lingering pain with over-the-counter medications. If the pain from the stubbed toe doesn’t subside on its own, over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers can be a good temporary solution. Here, you have many choices. Acetaminophen (paracetamol) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen are both available in many varieties from nearly any grocery store or pharmacy.

  • Be sure to follow any and all dosage instructions on the medicine’s packaging. Even (OTC) medicines can have dangerous side effects when taken in large doses.

 7: Elevate especially bad toes. Another great way to reduce swelling is to elevate the injured toe above the body when you are sitting or resting. For instance, you might try propping it up on a stack of pillows when you lay down. Putting a swollen injury above the rest of your body makes it more difficult for the heart to pump blood to it. This causes blood to gradually flow out of the swollen area, reducing swelling. While it’s basically impossible to do this while standing and walking, it’s smart to take the time to elevate your injured toe whenever you plan on sitting or laying down for a long time

Pam Says:

“Make a batch of Black tea using 4 tea bags in a quart of boiling water. Steep for several minutes. Let cool to room temperature. Soak your feet in this solution for 20-30 minutes. The results can last a month. The tannic acid in the tea decreases itching. Also soaking in Epsom salt solution can decrease itching but for a shorter duration. If you have chronic itching and no rashes, go get your liver functions checked out.”

When your feet itch, the right treatment can bring you some relief. How you treat the itching, though, depends a lot on the cause of the problem.

It may just be dry skin, which can be brought on by winter weather or too much scrubbing. But sometimes, itchy hands and feet can signal another health condition.

Could It Be Psoriasis?

Psoriasis happens when skin cells grow too fast and then pile up on the skin’s surface. It’s a long-lasting condition that usually runs in families. There are a few different types, and itchiness of the palms and soles is a common symptom.

If you have psoriasis, you may also have:

  • Patches of red skin, bumps filled with puss, or silver scales
  • Painful, swollen, or stiff joints
  • Soreness of the affected area
  • Itchiness in other places like your elbows, knees, lower back, and face

Could It Be Eczema?

Eczema is a term for a group of conditions that inflame the skin. There are several different types that can show up anywhere on the body. But one type, called dyshidrotic dermatitis, affects only the hands and feet.

Besides the urge to scratch, symptoms of dyshidrotic dermatitis include:

  • Clear blisters
  • Red, cracked skin
  • Scaly skin

Could It Be Scabies?

An eight-legged bug, called the human itch mite, is the source of this common skin condition. The tiny pest digs into the top layer of your skin and lays eggs there, causing scabies.

The condition tends to spread in very crowded areas, where people have a lot of skin-to-skin contact that happens over a long time. You usually can’t get scabies from quick touching, like a handshake or a hug.

Itchy feet are common in infants and young kids with scabies, but not adults. It also causes:

  • Itchiness, especially at night, of the entire body or specific areas, like the wrist, elbow, armpit, and the webbing between fingers
  • Pimply rash
  • Tiny blisters and scales
  • Sores
  • Grayish-white or skin-colored “burrows” that look like lines

Could It Be Diabetes?

A skin problem is sometimes the first sign that you have diabetes. One of these skin conditions is eruptive xanthomatosis, which can make hands and feet itch.
t’s caused by out-of-control diabetes, and it goes away when the disease is managed well. It can also make you itchy on your arms, legs, and buttocks.

Other signs of eruptive xanthomatosis:

  • Small, yellow bumps on the skin
  • Redness around the bumps
  • High cholesterol

Could It Be Allergies?

Your skin can have an allergic reaction to something you touch. The response you see and feel is another type of eczema called allergic contact dermatitis.

Symptoms may not appear for a few hours after you touch the item you’re allergic to. When they do appear, you may feel itchy and have:

  • Rash
  • Very dry skin
  • Burning and stinging
  • Hives
  • Blisters

How Can I Stop the Itch?

In general, the answer hinges on what’s making your hands and feet itch.Ointments, creams, and lotions can help when dry skin is to blame. If those don’t keep you from scratching, talk to your doctor to figure out what’s right for you.

An allergic reaction may need antihistamines or corticosteroids, whether over-the-counter or prescribed by your doctor. Some products treat scabies by killing the mites on your body. Skin conditions like psoriasis or eczema often require a more detailed treatment plan.

Whatever the cause, don’t just put up with the itch. You’re at a greater risk of infection if you scratch too much.

Pam Says:

“This is most likely from an injury. Bleeding under the nail stays there until can grow out. If the injury just happened, sterilize a needle. Puncture the nail very carefully to release the blood. Only do this if is a very recent injury. You will need to pierce the nail 2 times for it to drain well. One hole is not enough.

If there is a brown or black streak on the side of your nail that is not growing out you need to have this checked. 11% of melanomas are on feet. That includes nails.”

Pam Says:

“We have several treatments for fungus. The most important is hygiene. Scrub your nails with a nail brush and an antifungal soap daily. We recommend FungaSoap by Pedifix. Feet are the least washed place in the body. Dry your shoes, alternate shoes so that they dry out. Come see us for alternatives    (ie. supplements, topicals and laser) that work to rid you of this problem. Toenails take at least a year to grow out so be patient.”

Pam Says:

“Clean the area with soap and water. Try to remove the splinter with a tweezer. If you cannot, tape a piece of onion over the splinter overnight. You should be able to remove the splinter in the morning.”

1. Clean Wound

Clean the area with mild soap and water.

2. Care for a Tiny Splinter

  • If it doesn’t hurt, let the splinter work its way out over a few days.
  • If it does hurt, touch the area gently with sticky tape and pull away carefully. If this doesn’t work, try hair removal wax.

3. Remove Larger Splinter

  • Clean a small needle and tweezers with alcohol.If you can see the end of the splinter, grip it with the tweezers and gently pull out the entire splinter.
  • If none of the splinter is sticking out, follow the path of the splinter with the needle.
  • Open the skin and expose enough of the splinter to remove it with tweezers.
  • If you have trouble seeing the splinter, use stronger lighting and a magnifying glass.
  • Clean wound area again. Apply a bandage and antibiotic ointment.

4. When to Call a Health Care Provider

Most splinters do not need the care of a health care provider.

See a health care provider if:

  • You can’t remove the entire splinter.
  • The splinter is deep in the skin or the wound is bleeding heavily.
  • The splinter is under a fingernail or toenail. The health care provider may need to cut a notch in the nail to remove the splinter.

5. Follow Up

  • Ask the health care provider if a tetanus booster is needed.
  • Watch for any signs of infection: redness, increasing pain, swelling, or pus at the site. Call a health care provider if you see any of these signs.


Pam Says:

“Make a batch of Black tea using 4 tea bags in a quart of boiling water. Steep for several minutes. Let cool to room temperature. Soak your feet in this solution for 20-30 minutes. The results can last a month. The tannic acid in the tea decreases itching. Also soaking in Epsom salt solution can decrease itching but for a shorter duration. If you have chronic itching and no rashes, go get your liver functions checked out.”

Treat athlete’s foot at the first sign of itchiness.

Most cases of athlete’s foot can be cured with over-the-counter antifungal products and basic good hygiene. Wash and dry your feet (including between the toes) every morning and evening, change socks or stockings daily, and don’t wear the same shoes day after day to allow them time to dry completely before wearing them again. Sprinkle antifungal powder on feet and in your shoes daily. Antifungal creams and sprays are also effective at managing the infection. Continue treatment for one to two weeks after the infection has cleared to prevent it from recurring.

Make sure your feet get plenty of air. If you can’t go barefoot or wear sandals, wear cotton socks and shoes made of a natural, porous material such as canvas. Don’t wear water-resistant synthetics.

If not treated properly and promptly, athlete’s foot can be very stubborn. Even when treated with antifungal drugs, the infection may take several weeks to disappear and may come back after treatment.

Most of the time it responds well to these over-the-counter interventions. However, more severe cases may need to be seen by a doctor.
Home Remedies for Athlete’s Foot

If you have athlete’s foot, try using an over-the-counter antifungal powder, cream, or spray. There are many types to choose from. They are equally effective if used properly. Do not tear or scrape off flaking skin; you may break nearby healthy skin and spread the infection.

Athlete’s foot is easy to pick up, but getting rid of it can be difficult. A lot of people have their own ways to deal with it at home. There’s not much scientific research out there on how well these remedies work, but some work better than others.

Tea Tree Oil

This oil comes from the leaves of a tree that grows in Australia. Because it can kill some types of bacteria and fungus, people have used it as a home remedy for many years.

When rubbed into the skin twice a day, tea tree oil can reduce the itching, scaling, swelling, and burning of athlete’s foot. But it may take up to a month to see progress and it doesn’t work for everyone.

Tea tree oil can cause a skin rash or trigger allergies. So talk with your doctor before you try it. She can suggest a tea tree product for you to try, or explain how to dilute the oil to avoid side effects.

Never take tea tree oil by mouth since it can be toxic.

Bitter Orange

This fruit comes from a certain type of orange tree. It’s been used for years in Chinese medicine and by people who live in the Amazon rain forest.
Bitter orange oil is a natural fungus fighter. Besides athlete’s foot, it may help clear up ringworm and jock itch.

One study found that when people applied a watered down form of bitter orange oil to their feet three times each day, the fungus cleared up after a week or two.
Bitter orange can inflame your skin if you use it in its pure form. It can also make you more likely to get a sunburn, so be sure to protect your skin from the sun if you use it.

Ajoene from Garlic

Ajoene is a natural chemical found in garlic. It may ease the symptoms of athlete’s foot. You can take it by mouth as an antifungal pill. You can also find it in a gel form.

In one study, people who applied it to their feet once a day saw their symptoms go away after one week. This method could also help keep your athlete’s foot from coming back.

Sunflower Oil

Made from the pressed seeds of sunflowers, this oil has long been said to fight germs. A brand called Oleozon which contains ozone (another germ-killer) has been shown to get rid of athlete’s foot as well as being an antifungal medicine. You apply the oil to your feet instead of taking it by mouth. It’s unclear whether all brands of sunflower oil work as well as Oleozon, but it may be worth trying.

Green Tea

Soak your feet in lukewarm green tea and you may notice less symptoms like peeling and redness. That’s because nutrients in green tea called polyphenols have antifungal powers.

But this method won’t work quickly. You may have to soak your feet every day for 3 months. And more studies are needed to prove that green tea can get rid of the fungus, not just make your feet feel and look better.


People in rural parts of Mexico use leaves of the Solanum chrysotrichum plant, also called Giant Devil’s Fig. Studies show that a cream made from an extract of this shrubby plant works as an antifungal that you put on your athlete’s foot. It could also prevent it from coming back.

But while studies show that sosa is safe to put on your skin, it may be hard to find.


Some people believe that soaking your feet in a mixture of water and vinegar will get rid of athlete’s foot. While a vinegar soak won’t do your feet any harm, there’s not enough research to prove that it will do much good either.

Over-the-Counter Medicine

You can buy many creams, gels, and sprays that treat athlete’s foot at your drug store without a prescription. These will ease your symptoms. But the fungus itself could take 6 weeks to fully go away.

If you can’t find some of the ingredients you need to try any of these remedies, ask a pharmacist or check out a health food store.

If you’ve tried one or two of these methods and your athlete’s foot still doesn’t clear up, call Dr Hoffman. You may need another plan to get rid of it.

Pam Says:

“Clean the site well with soap and water. Pat dry. Do not cut the nail or tear it. Cover with a Band-aid or a piece of tape. May also try making a compress with milk and covering the split nail for 10 minutes. This will soften the nail and help the nail adhere.”

Pam Says:

“Wash the area. Try not to pop the blister because it is sterile inside. If it does pop cover the site with a Band-Aid or better yet a blister pad. Change the bandage when it gets wet. If you are prone to blisters try wearing 2 pairs of socks to decrease sheer and friction. Cover the sites prior to blistering with Vaseline to reduce friction. If you are in the woods without Band-Aids or blister pads find some dry soft grass to pack around the site. Get your shoes off as soon as you can. Blisters form because of friction and moisture. Invest in acrylic blend socks to wick away wetness.”

Most blisters heal on their own.
Home treatment may help decrease pain, prevent infection, and help heal large or broken blisters

    • A small, unbroken blister about the size of a pea, even a blood blister, will usually heal on its own. Use a loose bandage to protect it. Avoid the activity that caused the blister.
    • If a small blister is on a weight-bearing area like the bottom of the foot, protect it with a doughnut-shaped moleskin pad. Leave the area over the blister open.
    • It’s best not to drain a blister at home. But when blisters are painful, some people do drain them. If you do decide to drain your blister, be sure to follow these steps:
      1. Wipe a needle with rubbing alcohol.
      2. Gently puncture the edge of the blister.
      3. Press the fluid in the blister toward the hole so it can drain out.
    • Do not drain a blister of any size if:
      • You have a condition such as diabetes, HIV, cancer, or heart disease, because of the risk of infection.
      • You think your blister is from a contagious disease, such as chickenpox, because the virus can be spread to another person.
    • If a blister has torn open, or after you have drained a blister:
      1. Gently wash the area with clean water. Don’t use hydrogen peroxide or alcohol, which can slow healing.
      2. Don’t remove the flap of skin over a blister unless it’s very dirty or torn or there is pus under it. Gently smooth the flap over the tender skin.
      3. You may cover the blister with a thin layer of petroleum jelly, such as Vaseline, and a nonstick bandage.
      4. Apply more petroleum jelly and replace the bandage as needed.

Watch for a skin infection while your blister is healing. Signs of infection include:

  • Increased pain, swelling, redness, or warmth around the blister.
  • Red streaks extending away from the blister.
  • Drainage of pus from the blister.
  • Fever.

Home remedies may relieve itching from blisters. One way to help decrease itching is to keep the itchy area cool and wet. Apply a cloth that has been soaked in ice water, or get in a cool tub or shower.